If you’ve ever wanted a broadcast camera that would fit in a jacket pocket, Sony has answered your dreams. And we’ve got the first footage out of it.
Automatic for the People
Sony will ship the PXW-Z90, an upgrade from their existing XDCAM PXW-X70, in December. It gives you 4K right out of the box, but the real improvements are in autofocus and connectivity, making this a fantastically useful small camcorder. Wait, useful autofocus? On a video camera? Yes – read on.
We got to shoot with the new Z90 for a few hours during a Sony press event in New York earlier this week.
The autofocus is quite good and will hold on subjects even when shooting through things in the foreground. You can touch the screen to pick your focus point and rack focus by touching different points on the screen. The hybrid phase-detection autofocus shows the focus point with little green boxes on the screen to show what its tracking. You can choose whether it autofocuses over most of the frame (WIDE) in a zone, in the center, or with a flexible spot focus. You can also choose how fast it focuses.
The autofocus is configurable, so you can choose to have it lock onto a single subject and follow it, or it can switch focus as new subjects come into the frame. You can choose whether it tracks faces or tracks objects. The examples of different AF switching sensitivity they showed were of a couple dancing in a crowd, where the focus locked on them and didn’t jump to foreground dancers (LOCKED ON 1 setting), and race cars coming straight into the camera, where the focus switched to the next car quickly (RESPONSIVE 5 setting.) You can also set the autofocus depth setting, where it will autofocus over a wide area or narrow.
This is a lengthy description of a complicated autofocus setup but the bottom line is autofocus works right out of the box. The default autofocus settings seemed pretty useful to me, a devoted manual-focus guy. Canon now has competition in the autofocus realm. I shot everything in the video above on autofocus.
The connectivity side of things is even more interesting.
First, they’ve brought back the LANC 2.5mm remote-control connection. They have an expensive remote control box that will control everything on the camera, but I think it’s a normal LANC socket that your old remote will fit.
The Z90 has 3G-SDI and HDMI outputs, either of which will provide timecode and remote trigger, though you can’t use both SDI and HDMI at once. The camera will work in a multi-camera switched setup either wired or wireless. With a Sony MCX-500 switcher and RM30-BP remote controller, and a few cameras, you have a live broadcast production setup (with tally lights on the Z90 screen!) for not much money. And your whole studio will fit in a single case.
Second, the Z90 also has WiFi built-in (5Ghz and 2.4Ghz) that lets you stream wirelessly. The camera can stream to network servers, USTREAM and Sony’s XDCAM AIR.
You can also FTP straight out of the camera, which is actually useful, since it can simultaneously record full res footage and a 1280×720 proxy. You can also sync multiple cameras’ time codes over WiFi from a phone app. (The wireless timecode link license costs extra but they’re not saying how much right now.)
Speaking of paid licenses, you can also get MPEG (both 4:2:0 and 4:2:2), probably as an optional upgrade. If you’re still living in the 1080/60i broadcast world, this camera will work for you.
PXW-Z90 sensor and lens
The 1” Exmor RS sensor gives you a 14.2M QFHD 4K (3840×2160) XAVC image that holds highlights and is acceptable to those used to 2/3” broadcast cameras. With the 1” sensor, you can have shallow depth-of-field at telephoto settings and it’s surprising how nice the image is. You can choose picture profiles, set up your camera’s color to your liking, and shoot in S-Log 2 or 3. It also does Sony’s Hybrid Log Gamma style of HDR. Whether you want live output ready to broadcast or shoot Log footage for color correction in post, this camera will do it. They didn’t yet have the codec specs as I write this but we should get them soon.
The Z90 has a 12x optical zoom that is sharp and the camera has Sony’s “Clear Image Zoom” magic seamless zoom that crops in on the sensor to give you extended zoom range without quality loss. The touchscreen is nice with improved resolution (1555K vs 921K on the PXW-X70) and they’ve upgraded the OLED EVF on the back of the camera with more resolution (2359K now, compared to 1440K on the PXW-X70.) The EVF is very useable, unlike a lot of the smaller camcorders out there.
Power and batteries
(The camera is turned on by either opening the screen or pulling out the EVF from the body. The pre-production camera I shot with didn’t have enough resistance to pushing the EVF back in, and I repeatedly accidentally turned the camera off by pushing it against my glasses – I hope this isn’t the case in the shipping cameras!).
It uses the same NP-FV batteries as the PXW-X70 and a number of other Sony cameras, and battery life is quite good. Under the detachable handgrip with the xlr jacks is a multi interface shoe so you can use the Sony radio mics on this body without the grip if you want to go more stealth.
Low light ability is really good but not at the level of Sony Alpha cameras. At 33db gain it gets pretty noisy but not horribly ugly. The lens is f/2.8 at wide and stops down to f/4.5 at telephoto, so it’s best to set it at f/4 and leave it so there’s no iris ramp when you zoom. You can ride exposure with a wheel at the bottom left side of the camera, choosing whether it controls shutter, iris, or gain with push buttons. ND filters are on a switch at the back and fall easily to hand. The zoom rocker is first rate.
A compact package
With the difficulties of traveling by air with gear these days, the small size of this camera is a life saver for journalists. I’ve been using the PXW-X70 for quite a while and the new PXW-Z90 shares the same body. My X70 has been rugged and reliable. Although it takes a while to develop the muscle memory to learn the controls, it has lots of configurable buttons and is pretty ok to use in full manual mode once you use it for a while. If you’re coming from a broadcast camera, it will drive you nuts but you can learn it quickly.
For wedding and event videographers, and for houses of worship, this camera is definitely something to consider at the lower end of the budget. The configurable autofocus and syncable time code could be very useful for covering sports, dance, and events. It will do Slow & Quick motion like most Sony cameras these days. It’s the only really small camcorder I know of that’s broadcast friendly – you can plug into a sat truck and do your live hit for the morning news with this thing. With the amazing autofocus, you can even stick it on a tripod and do a walk and talk as a one-man-band.
The only negative I noticed on the X90 in the short period I got to play with it was it took a rather long time to start recording when you hit the record button. I’m not sure if this was a result of it partially sleeping or if it was a result of me setting it to record proxy files or some other setting, because it wasn’t consistent. Sometimes it would initiate recording immediately and other times it would take maybe 2 seconds to start recording.
PXW-Z90 price and availability
The PXW-Z90 will be available in December 2017 for $2799. The PXW-X70 will remain in the lineup.
Also new are 4K consumer versions of the same camera: the $1899 FDR-AX700, which lacks XLR inputs, and the $2299 HXR-NX80, which has XLR’s but no SDI or WiFi.
|Mass||Approx 1020g (with lens hood, eyecup)
Approx. 2 lb 4.0 oz (with lens hood,eyecup)
Approx. 1390g (with lens hood, handle, eyecup, NP-FV70A battery)
Approx. 3lb 1oz (with lens hood, handle, eyecup, NP-FV70A battery)
|Dimensions (W x H x D)||121.0mm×104.0mm×274.5mm (With the accessories (lens hood, large eyecup) ,excluding the grip belt and including the projecting parts)
4 7/8 x 4 1/8 x 10 7/8 inches (With the accessories (lens hood, large eyecup) ,excluding the grip belt and including the projecting parts)
130.0 x 181.5 x 287.0 mm (With the accessories (lens hood, large eyecup, XLR handle unit) , excluding the grip belt and including the projecting parts)
5 1/8 x 7 1/4 x 11 3/8 inches (With the accessories (lens hood, large eyecup, XLR handle unit) , excluding the grip belt and including the projecting parts)
|Power Requirements||DC In: 8.4V
|Power Consumption||Approx. 6.5 W(while recording with viewfinder and XAVC QFHD 2160/30p 60Mbps)
Approx. 6.9 W (while recording with LCD and XAVC QFHD 2160/30p 60Mbps)
|Operating Temperature||0°C to 40°C
32°F to 104°F
|Storage Temperature||-20°C to +60°C
-4°F to +140°F
|Battery Operating Time||Approx. 140min. with NP-FV70A battery (while recording with LCD, XAVC QFHD 2160/30p, 60Mbps)
Approx. 265 min. with NP-FV70A battery (while playing with LCD, XAVC QFHD 2160/30p, 60Mbps)
|Recording Format (Video)||XAVC QFHD : MPEG-4 AVC/H.264 4:2:0 Long profile
XAVC HD : MPEG-4 AVC/H.264 4:2:2 Long profile
XAVC Proxy : MPEG-4 AVC/H.264 4:2:0 Long profile
MPEG HD422 (CBKZ-SLMP required) : MPEG-2 422P@HL 4:2:2 Long profile
MPEG HD420 (CBKZ-SLMP required) : MPEG-2 MP@HL 4:2:0 Long profile
MPEG HD Proxy (CBKZ-SLMP required) : MPEG-4 AVC/H.264 4:2:0 Long profile
AVCHD : MPEG-4 AVC/H.264 AVCHD 2.0 format compatible
|Recording Format (Audio)||XAVC QFHD : Linear PCM 2ch, 24bit, 48kHz
XAVC HD : Linear PCM 2ch, 24bit, 48kHz
XAVC Proxy : AAC-LC 2ch、16bit、48kHz
MPEG HD422 (CBKZ-SLMP required) : Linear PCM 2ch, 24bit, 48kHz
MPEG HD420 (CBKZ-SLMP required) : Linear PCM 2ch, 16bit, 48kHz
MPEG HD Proxy (CBKZ-SLMP required) : AAC-LC 2ch、16bit、48kHz
AVCHD : Linear PCM 2ch, 16bit, 48kHz / Dolby Digital 2ch, 16bit, 48kHz
|Recording Frame Rate||XAVC QFHD (3840 x 2160) @29.97p, 25p, 23.98p 100Mbps/60Mbps
XAVC HD (1920 x 1080) @59.94p, 50p, 29.97p, 25p, 23.98p, 50Mbps/35Mbps
XAVC HD (1920 x 1080) @59.94i, 50i, 50Mbps/35Mbps/25Mbps
XAVC HD (1280 x 720) @59.94p, 50p, 50Mbps
XAVC Proxy (1280 x 720) @59.94p, 50p, 29.97p, 25p, 23.98p, 9Mbps
XAVC Proxy (640 x 360) @59.94p, 50p, 29.97p, 25p, 23.98p, 3Mbps
MPEG HD422 (1920 x 1080) (CBKZ-SLMP required) @59.94i, 50i, 29.97p, 25p, 23.98p, 50Mbps
MPEG HD422 (1280 x 720) (CBKZ-SLMP required) @59.94p, 50p, 50Mbps
MPEG HD420 (1920 x 1080) @59.94i, 50i, 29.97p, 25p, 23.98p, HQ mode(35Mbps)
MPEG HD420 (1440 x 1080) (CBKZ-SLMP required) @59.94i, 50i, HQ mode(35Mbps)
|Recording Frame Rate (Cont.)||MPEG HD420 (1280 x 720) (CBKZ-SLMP required) @59.94p, 50p, HQ mode(35Mbps)
MPEG HD Proxy (1280 x 720) (CBKZ-SLMP required) @59.94p, 50p, 29.97p, 25p, 23.98p, 9Mbps
MPEG HD Proxy (640 x 360) (CBKZ-SLMP required) @59.94p, 50p, 29.97p, 25p, 23.98p 3Mbps
AVCHD (1920 x 1080)@59.94p, 50p, PS mode (28Mbps)
AVCHD (1920 x 1080) @59.94i/50i FX mode (24Mbps) FH mode(17Mbps)
AVCHD (1920 x 1080) @29.97p/25p/23.98p, FX mode (24Mbps)
AVCHD (1440 x 1080)@59.94i, 50i LP mode (5Mbps)
AVCHD (1280 x 720)@59.94p, 50p, HQ mode (9Mbps)
|Recording/Playback Time||XAVC QFHD @LPCM 2ch 100 Mbps
Approx. 65 min with 64 GB memory card
XAVC QFHD @LPCM 2ch 60 Mbps
Approx. 100 min with 64 GB memory card
XAVC HD @LPCM 2ch 50 Mbps
Approx. 120 min with 64 GB memory card
XAVC HD @LPCM 2ch 35 Mbps
Approx. 170 min with 64 GB memory card
XAVC HD @LPCM 2ch 25 Mbps
Approx. 220 min with 64 GB memory card
MPEG HD422 (CBKZ-SLMP required) @LPCM 2ch 50 Mbps
Approx. 110 min with 64 GB memory card
MPEG HD420 (CBKZ-SLMP required) @LPCM 2ch HQ Mode
Approx. 170 min with 64 GB memory card
AVCHD @LPCM 2ch PS Mode
Approx. 305 min with 64 GB memory card
AVCHD @LPCM 2ch FX Mode
Approx. 360 min with 64 GB memory card
|Recording/Playback Time (cont.)||AVCHD @LPCM 2ch FH Mode
Approx. 495 min with 64 GB memory card
AVCHD @LPCM 2ch HQ Mode
Approx. 880 min with 64 GB memory card
AVCHD @LPCM 2ch LP Mode
Approx. 1540 min with 64 GB memory card
|Zoom Ratio||12x (optical), servo|
|Focal Length||f=9.3 – 111.6mm
equivalent to f=29.0 – 348.0mm on 35 mm lens(16:9)
equivalent to f=32.8 – 393.6mm on 35mm lens(3:2)
|Iris||F2.8 – F4.5
10 mm to ∞ (Wide)
1000 mm to ∞ (Tele)
|Image Stabilizer||ON/OFF selectable, shift lens|
|Filter Diameter||M62 mm|
|Imaging Device (Type)||1.0-type (13.2mm x 8.8mm) back-illuminated Exmor RS CMOS sensor|
|Effective Picture Elements||Approx.14.2M pixels(16:9)/Approx.12.0M pixels(3:2)|
|Built-in Optical Filters||OFF: Clear, 1: 1/4ND, 2: 1/16ND, 3: 1/64ND|
|Minimum Illumination||Standard [60i] 3lux(1/60 Shutter Speed, gain 33dB)
Standard [50i] 3lux(1/50 Shutter Speed, gain 33dB)LowLux [60i] 1.7lux(1/30 Shutter Speed, gain 33dB)
LowLux [50i] 1.7lux(1/25 Shutter Speed, gain 33dB)
|Shutter Speed||[60i]: 1/8 – 1/10,000
(1/6 – 1/10,000 when shooting with 24p)
[50i]: 1/6 -1/10,000
|Slow & Quick Motion Function||[60i]:2160p:Frame rate selectable 1,2,4,8,15,30fps
[50i]:2160p:Frame rate selectable 1,2,3,6,12,25fps
[60i]:1080p:Frame rate selectable 1,2,4,8,15,30,60,120fps
[50i]:1080p:Frame rate selectable 1,2,3,6,12,25,50,100fps
|Super Slow Motion||[60i]1080p:Frame rate selectable 240,480,960fps
[50i]:1080p:Frame rate selectable 250,500,1000fps
|White Balance||Preset（Indoor:3200K, Outdoor:5600K±7 steps, Color temparature set range:2300-15000K)
Onepush A, B, Auto selectable
|Gain||-3, 0, 3, 6, 9, 12,15, 18, 21, 24, 27, 30, 33 dB, AGC|
|Audio Input||XLR-type 3-pin (female) (x2), line/mic/mic +48 V selectable|
|Video Output||Integrated into Multi/Micro USB jack（×1）, Composite 1.0Vp-p, 75Ω|
|Audio Output||Integrated into Multi/Micro USB jack|
|SDI Output||BNC (x1), 3G/HD/SD
SMPTE 424M/292M/259M standards
|USB||Multi/Micro USB jack (x1)|
|Headphone Output||Stereo mini jack (x1)|
|DC Input||DC jack|
|Remote||Integrated into Multi/Micro USB jack
Stereo mini-mini jack (Φ2.5mm)
|HDMI Output||Type A (x1)|
Approx. 2.36M dots
Approx. 1.56M dots
|Built-in Microphone||Omni-directional stereo electret condenser microphone|
|Type||Memory Stick Pro Duo™ and SD/SDHC/SDXC compatible x1 SD/SDHC/SDXC x1|
|Supported format||IEEE 802.11 a/b/g/n/ac|
|Frequency band||2.4 GHz bandwidth
5.2/5.3/5.6/5.8 GHz bandwidth
|NFC||NFC Forum Type 3 Tag compliant|
|Supplied Accessoies||XLR handle unit (1)
Lens hood (1)
Lens cap (1)
Large eyecup (1)
Accessory shoe kit (1)
USB cable (1)
Rechargeable battery pack (NP-FV70A) (1)
AC Adaptor (AC-L200D) (1)
Power cord (mains lead) (1)
Wireless Remote Commander (RMT-845) (1)
Lithium battery (CR2025 for the Wireless Remote Commander) (1), Pre-installed to the Wireless Remote Commander
Operating Guide (2)
CD-ROM “Manuals for Solid-State Memory Camcorderr” (1)
|*||[60i]: when [60i/50i SEL] is set to 60i
[50i]: when [60i/50i SEL] is set to 50i