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Emmy Award-winner Travis Fox ventures into the cinematic journalism debate

Filmmaker and journalist Travis Fox, who covered the aftermath of the earthquake in Haiti talks about documentary film and Khalid Mohtaseb’s recent video about the quake.

The Economy of a Tent City from Travis Fox on Vimeo.

Travis Fox on location

Travis Fox on location

I’m a huge proponent of the DSLR system for documentary films. I ran out to buy the Kessler Pocket Dolly after I saw Khalid Mohtaseb’s amazing work from Egypt. I shoot everything ‘wide open’ to minimize depth of field. Yet, I don’t really get what is meant by “cinematic journalism.”

Dan Chung has asked me to chime in on the debate. So at the risk of being dragged into a blog screaming match, here goes… My understanding of the term is that these new tools – the film-like DSLR cameras and lenses mixed with new lightweight cinematic tools such as the pocket dolly and mini-jib – have created a new form of journalism, dubbed cinematic.

For me, it’s simple. The journalism part of videojournalism or documentary film is about the story. The story is made up of several aspects: the visuals, the writing, the characters, the editing, etc. So if the visuals change – let’s say improve – how does that alone change the story, the journalism? I think a better term might be cinematic videography, or what about the old-fashioned cinematography?

I believe Khalid’s piece from Haiti is what sparked this debate, so here are my thoughts. I found the cinematography incredibly beautiful, even inspiring, even if the pocket dolly shots were over-used. I wish I could be such a great shooter. That said, it’s not a story, at least in the traditional journalistic school-of-thought. It’s a montage, a visual essay, and that’s OK. There’s a precedent and a tradition of these types of pieces in the history of documentary film, Koyaanisqatsi perhaps being the benchmark.

I enjoy watching Koyaanisqatsi, but if I watch it late at night I find myself dozing off, while a great documentary with a riveting story (even with average cinematography) tends to keep me awake. The notion I’m poking at here is that the story trumps all else, that focusing wholly on any one aspect – be it the visuals, narration, etc – is no substitute for great storytelling.

Travis at work with his 5DMkII kit

Travis at work with his 5DmkII kit

I’m currently co-producing and shooting an hour-long documentary for PBS/FRONTLINE. It’s the first time the show has commissioned a film on the DSLR system. I’m using all the cinematic techniques I can: the Pocket dolly, fast prime lenses and a gyro stabilization system for tracking shots. But this doesn’t mean FRONTLINE has gone cinematic; it’s just the best way at this juncture to get the best visuals for the incredible storytelling that FRONTLINE is famous for. The film is an outgrowth of the Law and Disorder project, a joint adventure between FRONTLINE, Propublica and the Times-Picayune. It airs on PBS and online August 25th.

For more about Travis Fox go to http://www.travisfox.com/


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Posted on June 15th, 2010 by Travis Fox | Category: Journalism |

One response to "Emmy Award-winner Travis Fox ventures into the cinematic journalism debate"

  1. TheSmallestAtom Says:
    June 15th, 2010 at 11:21 am

    Travis,

    I whole-heartedly agree with your sentiment on this cinematic journalism issue. I have been coming to this site since its inception, and for me, at least, while I always loved the “look” of DLSR videography, I kept thinking, where does the journalism lie in all this.

    Often it is easy to loose sight of the “forest through the trees,” so to speak, and you correctly identify this as the “story.” I work all day with video, and this is a common stumbling point for many, where they miss the idea, and try to replace the idea of their presentation with some fancy or impressive type of visual design element, or some very well graded video, etc. To restate my point, never replace your idea with something that looks visually gratifying.

    In my mind, at least, the linear gamma characteristics, lens quality and “color pallet,” of video coming off a DSLR sensor is mighty impressive. But, it’s really only a matter of time before these sensors start showing up in full-sized camcorder bodies… Will we call it cinematic then??? We’ll look like the rest of the ENG’s out there, with our DSLR grade sensors in full-sized bodies, and this time we’ll won’t have to use crazy audio hacks.

    I think the issue here is that the quality of video productions is rapidly evolving, I mean, hell, just look at what RED is doing to the world of cinematography. The same is being done to the ENG/Journalism world through the power of DSLR-style video.

    I ask that all people reading this blog to not loose sight of the most important thing in all forms of artwork… The IDEA that you wish to convey.

    Thanks everyone,
    -Adam S.

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